Dating i 1950

Against Non-essential Grooming

2012.09.08 00:35 horatiowilliams Against Non-essential Grooming

Celebrating body hair and opposing non-essential grooming
[link]


2020.10.24 13:47 OsoPeresozo A little clarification about Bolivian history

I am seeing the same criticisms about Santa Cruz over and over from the horde of non-Bolivians here to defend the MAS. There are some basic misunderstandings about our history and population here that I would like to clear up.
The narrative seems to go that: the white, rich, powerful oligarchs of Santa Cruz have been in control of the country and it's wealth. The Santa Cruz oligarchs have kept the poor, dark-skinned, weak, uneducated indigenous as near-slaves. We, the white conquerors, have kept all of the power and wealth, and didn't share anything with the poor natives whose land we stole (at the time of the conquistadores). St. Evo came and forced the white oligarchs from Santa Cruz to share some with the indigenous. The Santa Cruz people were so mad about having to share with the indigenous, because of Evo, that we will destroy our own country, or make our own country. Did I miss anything?
So, I see that this may correspond neatly with the history of your country (whichever country that may be) - but that is not the case in our country.
--------------------------------------------------
Just so you all know - Santa Cruz was never the seat of power. Bolivia has had exactly THREE presidents from our whole department (not just the city). One of them was in the 1700s. zero in the 1800s and two in the 1900s. Arce will be our 75th president, he is from La Paz. The overwhelming majority of Bolivia's presidents have been from La Paz (27), followed closely by Cochabamba (with 18).
In 1950, Santa Cruz was still a very small town with a population of 42,746. It was not a wealthy town and the people didn't control anything in politics. Santa Cruz has grown enormously since then, but Santa Cruz is still not in control of the government. Any oppression, income inequality, etc didn't come from Santa Cruz. The huge growth of Santa Cruz has mostly come from people moving to Santa Cruz. A few have been foreigners, but most are Bolivians from other regions.
For example, I am from Santa Cruz, but My father was born in La Paz and raised in Cochabamba. As my (Cochabamba-born) brother-in-law says "el Camba nace donde quiere" - Just because someone is from Santa Cruz, it doesn't mean they don't have family from other regions of the country! In spite of what you think - we don't hate the rest of the country! Because we are all related to the rest of the country - we all have friends and family from other regions!
About the skin-color (that you all seem obsessed with): The people of Santa Cruz, like the rest of the country, are mostly mestizo. The main difference is that the highlands are mostly Quechua and Aymara. The lowlands are mostly Guarani (and several other smaller indigenous groups). What you all seem to perceive as "whiteness" is actually a naturally paler skin color of the indigenous people of the region. Guarani are naturally paler than Quechua/Aymara. This doesn't make them not-indigenous! It doesn't make them less Bolivian, or less worthy. Likewise it doesn't make Guarani-mestizo less worthy. Bolivia is 85% indigenous/mestizo. Only 5% is "white". The 5% of the country that is white are not in control of the government. And they are not only in Santa Cruz - they are spread out through the country. They are also not a unified voting group. Nor are they in control of the country's money.
------------------------------------------------
When you oversimplify our struggles into "evil white people" and "poor brown people" - you are not helping either side and you are getting it wrong! The reality is much more complex. There are thousands of years of history between the highland and lowland people. A lot of it pre-dates the Spaniards - what you are seeing today has a rich context and you are missing all of it.
Please stop trying to find a "side" to vilify! And please consider the idea that we might know more about our history than you do. Try asking sincere questions and engaging with us, rather than screaming at us.
submitted by OsoPeresozo to BOLIVIA [link] [comments]


2020.10.23 23:01 LawStudentAndrew [WTS] Slabbed/Raw/BU/Burnished ASEs; Washington/Barber/Standing Quarters; World Silver; Barber Halves!

Proof: https://imgur.com/a/XBC91C0
Raw ASEs: https://imgur.com/HAiZpaP
Colorized - rough shape (banged up) - $27
Colorized/Nice shape - $29
Slabbed MS 69 PCGS:
1990 - $45 obo
1995 - $60
1997 - $44
Burnished (mostly NGC) all 69s : https://imgur.com/6R67X5c
3 x 2006 - $39
2 x 2007 - $36
2 x 2008 - $37
1961-1964 Washington Q Proofs - $24 for the set https://imgur.com/DqZ1cMA
1829 Bust half f/vf - $79
Yesterday's coin4sale post: (mostly new to pms; included in first proof pic):
Bengali Rupee https://imgur.com/a/0WMK7L2
https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces25856.html
Calcutta Mint - $19
Austria/Hungary/Germany+Misc https://imgur.com/a/AywZMPi
Austria/Hungary:
1895 1 Corona - $6
Nicely toned UNC 1915 Korona - $12
1912 Toned AU Corona - $7
1913 UNC Corona - $7
3 x 1914-1916 AU/UNC Corona - $6 each
Germany:
1914 G - unc - $14
1904 F - $11
1899 J - $20
1878 A - $15
1876 A - $9
1874 H - $12
Misc:
1979 100 Lirot Proof - $12 (melt is 8)
1973 5 dollar Barbados proof - $22 - (melt just below $20)
1976 100 schilling proof Olympic toned - $15 (melt is 12.23)
1976 5 Dollars Guyana proof - $17 (melt just below $15)
Canada/Nefoundland https://imgur.com/a/sXtIoKf
10 x 20 cent and 25 cent newfoundland - $65 (or offer individually)
1963 PL in packaging - $16 each
1950 - banged up - $pot
1967 Goose Dollar - $16
1966 Canada Dollar BU - $15.50 (spot is 14.7)

Silver US

Nicer BarbeStanding Liberty: https://imgur.com/a/yBcvzeH
1894 o - $7
1914 vg+ - $7
1911 better grade - $30
1917 s - parts of all # visible - $50
1918 better details enf dmg - $20
1923 - $7
1926 s cleaned - $12
1927 s - $15
1929 d xf dets old cleaning retoned - $18
1929 vf+ - $12
Holed Bust Halves: https://imgur.com/a/DA8hz2P
1821 VF+ Details polished - $75
1818 - $50
New Morgans https://imgur.com/a/Kvjwu1m
1900 Orange Toned BU - $55
1903 P - $24
1878 CC - $70
sold:
50 x Barber Quarter https://imgur.com/a/zjBnf47 some better dates including 1905 p and 1897 o - a couple w/ better detail - good chunk before 1900 - $300 $290 (no cherry picking but will to break up into smaller lots at your request/offer)
Maria Theresa Thalers - https://imgur.com/a/P6uKpjL .75 ASW each - Stunning CHONKY Coins
Circ/Heavy Toned x 2 - $20 each [sold]
BU x 5 0 - $21 each
Proof x 6 0 - $23 each
16 x Standing Liberty Quarter (half w/ dates ) - 20x face (no cherry) https://imgur.com/CDWT36r
3 x barbers - $5.5 ea no cherry https://imgur.com/CDWT36r
13 x Barber Halves: https://imgur.com/PaNq2rb - 22 x face
55 x au/unc/bu Washington quarters - SPOT (mostly 1964 but a few others mixed in) https://imgur.com/CDWT36r
END OF POST
Payment
I accept PPFF, Zelle, and Venmo. I no longer accept Google Pay. I also accept crypto (your fees), cash, and USPS money order. New users without feedback will be limited to smaller purchases of approx $100 unless paying via crypto, cash, or USPS Money order. I also generally accept junk silver, generic rounds, and governmental rounds as payment but it is not guaranteed.
SHIPPING
I will not ship outside the US
Shipping in the US is $5 for 9 or fewer ounces, $6 for 10-13oz, and then $8 for anything above. I provide insurance and/or signature confirmation at your request and cost.
Note: NO NOTES WITH PPFF - if a note is sent I will issue a refund
submitted by LawStudentAndrew to Pmsforsale [link] [comments]


2020.10.23 01:36 BadishAsARadish What are Brawlers?

I know I’ve mentioned it in a lot of comments, but I don’t think I’ve ever put it in an official theory, and I put a few more pieces of the puzzle together since, so here goes.
Kairos thinks that the Brawlers are super soldiers, and I’m not saying he’s wrong, but I wouldn’t put that in the “things we know for sure,” section. Personally, I still think that it has something to do with producing energy and not taking over the world, but Starr Park’s motives are still a bit murky, and I don’t think we have enough evidence to say for sure what they are. However we do know a few things.
  1. They are putting people in the game. They are transferring their minds into a machine, and we can infer that they are workers at the Park. We can tell this from the people we see in the Investor Video. Pam, Shelly, Colt, Jacky, Gale, Corbin Peltoh (Mr. P), and those are just a few that come to mind. How else could people be in the real world and the game?
In his rant (I will refer to him as Dynamike because of the overwhelming evidence that suggests it is him) Dyna talks about the simulation. How he can’t control his limbs, how he’s fighting people he doesn’t want to, all things that happen in the game. This is just more evidence that proves the simulation is the game. Though let’s be real, I’m sure most of you already knew that, so let’s talk about why I think they’re doing it.
As I said before, we don’t know the full reason why Starr park and it’s employees were transferred into the game. But here’s my theory. SPUDE, (Starr Park Union of Distressed Employees) was formed to try and stop what the man behind it was trying to do. Nuclear and genetic experiments, “germs” and biological weapons, it all needed to be stopped. The members of SPUDE were successful, but at a cost.
Pam was the first wave. She created the WKBRL radio in the Tara’s Bazaar environment. She left her calling card, her gear necklace by it and the equipment in the stream to let us know it was her. But unfortunately for her they noticed.
At first, I think everyone was confused by the fact that the big date on the Championships Loading screen was just Pam’s remodel announcement, and not Brawl Talk. But now I think I understand. Pam was “put back” into the game the same day that the WKBRL stream went up. And I don’t think that that was a coincidence. I think that as a punishment for conspiring against Starr Park, she was transferred into the game.
But remember what else we see in the investor video? A breach of some sort, as alarms blare, and the voice repeats “this is normal,” and we see a giant Boss Robot stomping through the core of Starr park, in the center of the giant spherical building. And what do we see in the Siege Environment, the home of the Junker trio? Boss robot parts that suggest that Pam builds them.
I don’t think that the giant wand breaking through the ceiling was what released the gas, I just think that was part of it. I think that the robot that was built by Pam was released into the core allowing the gas to escape. And because of that, Pam was captured (just like Dyna) and put into the game.
And then you have Colette, the Brawler implemented into the game the same time as Starr park. I know that time travel has already been discussed, and just a reminder in case your skeptical of it, how could a stream that’s only been live since April be going on at the same time as a video in the 1950’s? So as outlandish as it may sound, I think Colette somehow traveled forward in time to the year 2003 (the date on the website achievement award on the original laptop) and obtained various items that were from Starr park. Hats, expired food, all of which were hints of the atrocities that Starr park was committing. But just like Pam, she was captured, and put into the game just a few months after Pam. And the laptop was only delivered by a member of SPUDE (wearing a cactus mask to protect her identity) 17 years later in 2020, when the existence of Starr Park was made known to the players of the game.
This is also supported by the last messages sent by the Webmaster. A message saying communications can’t be trusted, and shortly after, an SOS hidden in the next email.
And finally you have Amber. And for months now, I have been trying to connect the dots. Cards that smell like smoke, candles in a gift shop, a water tower that seems to be nowhere in sight. And the piece of the last piece of that puzzle was finally inserted: Amber. She helped aid in the destruction of Starr Park. (We know Starr park was destroyed from the telephone that was found “among rubble.”) She sabotaged the water tower, and started a fire, which is why we see large plumes of black smoke coming from the arial view of Starr Park. The park was badly damaged, and it still is right now. We can hear the fire burning in the background, the fire has spread.
“We already told you this is normal.”
They’re trying to keep the employees and tourists calm, and more importantly, to keep us from figuring it out. But we won’t stop, and we’ll just have to see how this plays out.
Oh and one more thing, I don’t think the head of Starr park is concerned about this. The fact that he made Colette “collect” things just as she did as the Webmaster. The way he made Pam an engineer because she built the robot. And the way he made Amber a fire breathing entertainer just as she lit the park on fire...
I think he’s mocking them.
submitted by BadishAsARadish to BrawlStarslore [link] [comments]


2020.10.22 21:37 LawStudentAndrew [WTS] US Type Coins: Three Cents, Flying Eagles, Busts Halves (Dimes and Dollars), Morgans, World Silver: Bengali, German, Canada, Newfoundland, Austria, and more!

Proof: https://imgur.com/a/k6EmdOQ https://imgur.com/jQ39eMU
Bengali Rupee https://imgur.com/a/0WMK7L2
https://en.numista.com/catalogue/pieces25856.html
Calcutta Mint - $20
Base Metal US Type Coins + a Dime https://imgur.com/a/FsgCYvn
Flying Eagles:
1857 holed better details - $20
1857 better details env dmg - $25
1858 Sm. Lt. better detail env dmg - $35
3 cent nickels:
Rust-colored 1865 - $5
1865 xf details - $20
1867 rev scratched - $13
1874 damaged - $8
1881 polished better detail - $12
others:
1906 Indian Head Cent - $1
1874 w/ Arrows dime rim damaged - $7 [pend]
Austria/Hungary/Germany+Misc https://imgur.com/a/AywZMPi
Austria/Hungary:
1895 1 Corona - $6
Nicely toned UNC 1915 Korona - $12
1912 Toned AU Corona - $7
1913 UNC Corona - $7
3 x 1914-1916 AU/UNC Corona - $6 each
Germany:
1914 G - unc - $14
1904 F - $11
1899 J - $20
1878 A - $15
1876 A - $9
1874 H - $12
Misc:
1979 100 Lirot Proof - $12 (melt is 8)
1973 5 dollar Barbados proof - $22 - (melt just below $20)
1976 100 schilling proof Olympic toned - $15 (melt is 12.23)
1976 5 Dollars Guyana proof - $17 (melt just below $15)
Canada/Nefoundland https://imgur.com/a/sXtIoKf
10 x 20 cent and 25 cent newfoundland - $65 (or offer individually)
1963 PL in packaging - $16 each
1950 - banged up - $pot
1967 Goose Dollar - $16
1966 Canada Dollar BU - $15.50 (spot is 14.7)

Silver US

50 x Barber Quarter https://imgur.com/a/zjBnf47
some better dates including 1905 p and 1897 o - a couple w/ better detail - good chunk before 1900 - $300 $295 (no cherry picking but will to break up into smaller lots at your request/offer)
Nicer BarbeStanding Liberty: https://imgur.com/a/yBcvzeH
1894 o - $7
1914 vg+ - $7
1911 better grade - $30
1917 s - parts of all # visible - $50
1918 better details enf dmg - $20
1923 - $7
1926 s cleaned - $12
1927 s - $15
1929 d xf dets old cleaning retoned - $18
1929 vf+ - $12
Holed Bust Halves: https://imgur.com/a/DA8hz2P
1821 VF+ Details polished - $75
1818 - $50
Maria Theresa Thalers - https://imgur.com/a/P6uKpjL .75 ASW each - Stunning CHONKY Coins
Circ/Heavy Toned x 2 - $20 each [1 sold]
BU x 5 4 - $21 each
Proof x 6 5 - $23 each
New Morgans https://imgur.com/a/Kvjwu1m
1900 Orange Toned BU - $55
1903 P - $24
1878 CC - $70
Dimes and Half Dimes https://imgur.com/a/CwGTfu7 [ALL SOLD]
Dimes:
1853 arrows - $6
1856 - $4
1887 - $4
Half Dimes:
1836 damaged - $9
1837 holed - $10
1851 holed better details - $12
1857 half dime holed better details - $10
END OF POST
Payment
I accept PPFF, Zelle, and Venmo. I no longer accept Google Pay. I also accept crypto (your fees), cash, and USPS money order. New users without feedback will be limited to smaller purchases of approx $100 unless paying via crypto, cash, or USPS Money order. I also generally accept junk silver, generic rounds, and governmental rounds as payment but it is not guaranteed.
SHIPPING
I will not ship outside the US
Shipping in the US is $5 for 9 or fewer ounces, $6 for 10-13oz, and then $8 for anything above. I provide insurance and/or signature confirmation at your request and cost.
Note: NO NOTES WITH PPFF - if a note is sent I will issue a refund
submitted by LawStudentAndrew to Coins4Sale [link] [comments]


2020.10.22 16:49 LemieuxFrancisJagr Rethinking the generations

I’m going to start with Boomers as per norm because I think there’s usually less controversy with Silents and GIs. Boomers really were the ones to start the generations as a pop culture phenomenon. Prior to boomers people really didn’t have time to be wandering about this stuff and a generation more or less was less about date ranges and more about your parents being a different generation than you and your grandparents as well.
I think we too often want to assign hard borders to generations, which is wrong because this way too subjective to assign such stringent boundaries. Obviously there are some birth years that are undisputed. For example, no one would dispute 1970 is pure Gen X or 1952 is purely boomer. There are many birth years though that are less clear.
Starting with the proto-Boomer cusp which I would start in either 42 or 43 and end in 44 or 45. This age range is usually in the late Silent group and by pure demographics they are because the boom didn’t start until the war was over but their pop culture aligns more with the first few years of boomers than it does with the core of their own generation.
The early boomers start in either 45 or 46. I’d lean toward 46 since it was the first full year after the war. I think you can safely cut off early boomer at 1949 with the core going from 1950-1954. Late 40s born boomers grew up mote in the late 50s and very beginning of the 60s. Teen girls wore poodle skirts, which by the time core boomers were teens was out of fashion. They were also reared almost entirely in the more socially conservative 50s and early 60s, before the counterculture really took hold. They were in HS or just graduating at the time JFK was assassinated. They also would be the last to remember when radio was a bigger form of entertainment than TV. I have an uncle who is in the proto boomer demographic and my now deceased aunt was the first of the boomers. My parents are both core boomer (50 and 52) and the differences were noticeable between them even when I was a kid. My aunt and uncle were old to me, they never had a computer at home even in the 90s when that was more common.
Core Boomers remember the Kennedy assassination vividly but they weren’t yet in HS. JFK was the first President most of them ever knew in any meaningful way. My dad saw JFK at a campaign event during the 1960 election when he came to his town and although he was only 10 he still remembers it clearly and he still had the old campaign button! That assassination was a major turning point for core boomers in their early adolescence and I think it woke them up from that Leave It To Beaver existence into what was going to become the counterculture they experienced in HS and their early 20s. This group also was hit hard by the draft during Vietnam. My dad graduated in ‘68 which was the worst year for American casualties. He was very lucky to escape the draft but others in his class weren’t so lucky.
I start late Boomer in 55 and end it in 59. This group definitely experienced the 60s but mostly as kids and not young adults. They would remember the turbulence of a year like 68 when MLK and RFK were assassinated more than when JFK was assassinated and their coming of age started in the midst of the counterculture rather than before it. These were the disco young adult of the 70s as well as the early wave of punk rock and heavy metal fans. They were too young to vote in 72 but they definitely were shaped by Watergate.
The true Boomer X Cusp for me is 60-62. I can see why people may want to extend it a little longer but I’ll get to why I’m making late 62s and 63 the first Gen X year in a minute. Those birth years were the last to enter young adulthood at the end of the 70s, before the Reagan Revolution that had a huge impact on this country and the world. They were 70s kids, meaning they experienced the world post counterculture and in the midst of stagflation. I think they carry slightly more Xer traits than boomer too in most cases.
Early Xers for me are late 62s through 67. This group can be seen in some ways as an extension of the cusp and on its earliest ends it probably is but these were the first kids to graduate HS into the voodoo economics loving USA. The end of the early Xers were graduating in the 84 election year and 85, the first year of Reagan’s second term. Unlike the Boomers and those cuspers who were working in this world of greed is good, these earlier Xers were finishing HS and going into college. Their earning years came more on the heels of Iran Contra and the Savings and Loans crisis. They barely had any work under their belts before the country started to pay for the voodoo economics.
Core Xers for me are 68-72. There really is no debate that those are solid Gen X years. The youngest of the cote graduated in 1990 but all of them really were young adults in the first half of the 90s and were more financially stable when the dot com bubble popped at the end of the 90s than the late Xers and early Y. They had at least a partial 70s childhood and fully lived out the 80s.
I have late X as 73 to 77. I think 73-75 as still solidly Gen X because they were full grown adults with jobs by the turn of the millennium. 76 and 77 still would fit that same definition but a bit younger and perhaps going through those first post undergraduate years of trying to figure their shit out. All of the Late Xers experiences the 80s but never as adults and none would have graduated before 91. They were voting age at earliest for the 92 election and their coming of age took place more in the first half of the 90s than the 80s. They were mostly kids when grunge bands were about to blow up and change the more drab sound of rock music you heard in the very late 80s (aside from GnR). They didn’t grow up with a PC necessarily but they certainly would have been exposed to Macs in a computer lab either in HS or college. They almost all would have accessed tHe internet in college or perhaps even after college.
The XY Cusp is an interesting one, you can roll 77s into it or start with 78s but I’d cut it off by 80 at the latest. I prefer 77-79. I think 78s and 79s really are the beginning of what was once Gen Y before the millennial tag became a pejorative. This is what Xennials are talking about but I think they’re really describing a generation and not a cusp.
Early Gen Y for me is 78-81. Like I said you could even start with 77 but I prefer to make them the peak of the XY cusp. 78s and 79s can also fit into that cusp but since they were 21 or 22 in 2000 I think it’s important to include them as the launching point for Y. They will have a lot in common still with late X obviously. They would have memories of a partial 80s childhood. I know plenty of people in this age group and I get a long very well with them but the biggest difference is their attachment to the 80s is significantly stronger than mine.
Core Gen Y for me is 82-86. This is my age group. We came of age in the second half of the 90s and were finishing HS in the first few years of the new millennium. We are technically millennials but I think the description of Xennials fits us a lot more than the stereotypes of millennials you hear today. We would all have limited attachment to the 80s because we were so young. We came of age with the early internet but really before social media took over and well before smartphones. Many of us would never have had a cell phone until college and that would have been a flip phone. We would remember cassettes but CDs were our main vehicle for music. We are probably just about the last people to have experienced our youth in the analog world with the digital world really taking over in the 2000s.
Late Y is 87-91 for me. They too would have experienced the analog world and they would all have memories of the 90s with 87s even reaching teen status at the new millennium. They would have had various social media platforms in HS or perhaps earlier and they were more likely to have cell phones before graduating HS (especially the 90s and 91s). They probably have very limited memory of life before the internet but likely they are the last to have any memory of it
The YZ Cusp for me included those early 90s votes but the core of it is 92 and 93. Those years remember the very late 90s and the new millennium but they didn’t come of age until after 9-11. They were finishing HS in the early Obama years and they definitely would not have memory of a pre internet youth. I’d extend that cusp into 94 and 95 but I also simultaneously think those are the very earliest years of what has become Gen Z. By the later 90s birth years you definitely have young people who grew up with not only internet but came of age with the dawn of smartphones and were already into social media before HS in most cases. As far as the 2000s kids go I think it’s obvious that is the real core of Gen Z but many of you are still too young for me to feel comfortable writing about your generation in any detail so this is where I will stop!
submitted by LemieuxFrancisJagr to generationology [link] [comments]


2020.10.22 16:18 BlancheFromage Dictionary of SGI Buzzwords, Catchphrases, and Clichés

Within the SGI, there is a "private language" that only the indoctrinated members understand. New recruits typically find this a bit confusing, but it also presents itself as a compelling challenge to master this new language, in order to become "fluent" with the group and feel like a "real member". Even when the words are English words, SGI uses a different definition, which makes their speech confusing and difficult to understand.
But here is your solution! The Big List of SGI words, concepts, phrases, and clichés all broken down in plain English - your very own SGITropes!
We've been kind of working on this "behind the scenes" for a while now - time to bring it all together! Add your suggestions below (unless they're in the Big List linked above - I'll get to those) and I'll work them into the master document. I'm in the process of working on this; I'm going to be saving it periodically so I don't lose it and so I can see that the formatting's good. Alphabetically:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

submitted by BlancheFromage to sgiwhistleblowers [link] [comments]


2020.10.21 21:29 prism_chaser_cards Strange Looking Wedgwood Jug - Any info appreciated?

Hi there,
I was recently given this odd looking Wedgwood jug by a friend - no information on it's past history. I'm struggling to find anything similar online. Would appreciate it if anyone had any more information - style name, approx date etc (I guessed at 1950's from trying to look at Wedgwood marks but not 100%)
Pictures >> https://imgur.com/a/YBMjEAD
I'm based in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
Thank you!
submitted by prism_chaser_cards to Antiques [link] [comments]


2020.10.21 21:16 AssBoon92 Games decided by only unassisted goals (1945-present)

Assists in the NHL are ubiquitous. It's rare to see a goal scored that wasn't touched by a teammate prior to hitting the back of the net. But there are goals scored each year that have no assists credited due to a great individual effort (or some bad luck from the defensive team).
But how many entire games are decided entirely by unassisted goals?
This inane offseason project was something that popped into my head last week. Using the NHL API, I scraped game records going back to 1917. A couple of caveats:
EDIT: Fixed sorting. Should be most to least recent now. Updated header to represent the correct home/away teams.

More than one goal

Date Score Away Home
2003-12-12 1-1 Colorado Avalanche Vancouver Canucks
2002-10-19 2-2 Nashville Predators New York Rangers
1999-05-07 2-0 Pittsburgh Penguins Toronto Maple Leafs
1997-04-22 0-2 Anaheim Ducks Phoenix Coyotes
1993-10-24 2-0 Toronto Maple Leafs Tampa Bay Lightning
1991-02-10 2-0 Buffalo Sabres Winnipeg Jets (1979)
1982-03-10 2-0 Los Angeles Kings Colorado Rockies
1949-10-28 2-0 Toronto Maple Leafs Montréal Canadiens
1949-03-14 1-1 Montréal Canadiens New York Rangers
1948-10-25 1-2 Toronto Maple Leafs Detroit Red Wings
1945-12-10 1-2 Toronto Maple Leafs New York Rangers

1-0 final scores

Date Score Away Home
2020-02-05 0-1 Florida Panthers Columbus Blue Jackets
2020-01-12 1-0 Tampa Bay Lightning Philadelphia Flyers
2019-01-08 1-0 Minnesota Wild Montréal Canadiens
2017-10-25 1-0 Vancouver Canucks Minnesota Wild
2017-04-17 1-0 Edmonton Oilers San Jose Sharks
2016-11-03 0-1 Vancouver Canucks Ottawa Senators
2015-12-28 0-1 Pittsburgh Penguins Winnipeg Jets
2015-11-11 0-1 Washington Capitals Detroit Red Wings
2015-03-08 1-0 Pittsburgh Penguins Los Angeles Kings
2014-11-15 1-0 New Jersey Devils Washington Capitals
2014-10-29 1-0 Anaheim Ducks Chicago Blackhawks
2014-04-12 0-1 New York Rangers Montréal Canadiens
2014-03-16 1-0 San Jose Sharks New York Rangers
2013-11-23 0-1 Tampa Bay Lightning Anaheim Ducks
2013-04-10 1-0 Chicago Blackhawks Minnesota Wild
2010-04-19 0-1 San Jose Sharks Colorado Avalanche
2008-02-23 0-1 Detroit Red Wings Calgary Flames
2007-11-17 1-0 New York Islanders New Jersey Devils
2007-05-31 0-1 Ottawa Senators Anaheim Ducks
2007-01-17 0-1 New York Rangers New Jersey Devils
2006-10-09 1-0 Atlanta Thrashers Tampa Bay Lightning
2006-03-20 1-0 Toronto Maple Leafs Pittsburgh Penguins
2006-01-04 1-0 Tampa Bay Lightning New York Rangers
2005-12-29 0-1 Anaheim Ducks Columbus Blue Jackets
2004-02-17 1-0 Vancouver Canucks Colorado Avalanche
2003-10-23 1-0 Tampa Bay Lightning Columbus Blue Jackets
2003-01-19 1-0 Anaheim Ducks Minnesota Wild
2002-11-08 1-0 New Jersey Devils Philadelphia Flyers
2002-02-13 1-0 New York Islanders Philadelphia Flyers
2001-01-20 0-1 Florida Panthers Buffalo Sabres
2001-01-04 1-0 Calgary Flames San Jose Sharks
2000-11-16 0-1 Nashville Predators Atlanta Thrashers
2000-04-02 0-1 Philadelphia Flyers Carolina Hurricanes
1999-10-27 1-0 Chicago Blackhawks Montréal Canadiens
1998-12-24 1-0 Carolina Hurricanes New York Rangers
1998-12-23 1-0 Anaheim Ducks Colorado Avalanche
1998-05-12 1-0 Dallas Stars Edmonton Oilers
1997-02-26 1-0 Dallas Stars Chicago Blackhawks
1996-06-10 1-0 Colorado Avalanche Florida Panthers
1995-05-12 0-1 Boston Bruins New Jersey Devils
1993-10-17 0-1 Chicago Blackhawks Winnipeg Jets (1979)
1992-04-28 1-0 Detroit Red Wings Minnesota North Stars
1986-05-23 0-1 Calgary Flames Montréal Canadiens
1978-10-29 1-0 Colorado Rockies Minnesota North Stars
1976-12-05 1-0 Atlanta Flames St. Louis Blues
1976-04-09 1-0 Los Angeles Kings Atlanta Flames
1974-04-17 0-1 Los Angeles Kings Chicago Blackhawks
1972-01-23 0-1 Pittsburgh Penguins St. Louis Blues
1970-12-13 1-0 Minnesota North Stars Pittsburgh Penguins
1970-12-06 1-0 New York Rangers Toronto Maple Leafs
1970-11-27 0-1 Toronto Maple Leafs St. Louis Blues
1970-11-20 1-0 St. Louis Blues Pittsburgh Penguins
1970-04-03 1-0 St. Louis Blues Philadelphia Flyers
1969-12-05 1-0 Montréal Canadiens Chicago Blackhawks
1967-12-26 1-0 St. Louis Blues Minnesota North Stars
1967-12-10 1-0 St. Louis Blues Oakland Seals
1967-11-05 1-0 Pittsburgh Penguins Oakland Seals
1967-10-20 0-1 Toronto Maple Leafs Montréal Canadiens
1957-01-06 0-1 Detroit Red Wings Montréal Canadiens
1956-10-15 1-0 Toronto Maple Leafs Chicago Blackhawks
1954-12-05 0-1 Detroit Red Wings Toronto Maple Leafs
1954-04-12 1-0 Montréal Canadiens Detroit Red Wings
1950-10-26 0-1 Detroit Red Wings Toronto Maple Leafs
1948-03-03 0-1 Toronto Maple Leafs New York Rangers
1947-02-27 1-0 Montréal Canadiens Toronto Maple Leafs
1945-12-09 1-0 Montréal Canadiens Toronto Maple Leafs
submitted by AssBoon92 to hockey [link] [comments]


2020.10.20 21:07 Apprehensive-Cod-880 Potential date?

I had made a post previously about going on 3 dates with a guy having initiated the last 2 and not being sure if I should be the one to reach out for a 4th (we're both 22). It's a new week and he had mentioned that he would be free all week :) (smiley face included haha) I don't know if I should take that as a go ahead he would be interested in seeing me again and I should ask him out or if I should wait for the possibility of him asking me out.... I feel like I've been very confident in the way I communicate with him by being the one to ask him out a few times and I don't know if I should continue with this. It's not the 1950's anymore and girls can ask guys out but I don't want to seem "pushy" or "desperate"
submitted by Apprehensive-Cod-880 to dating_advice [link] [comments]


2020.10.20 18:44 calibuildr Cover songs- what classic country songs still have 'modern' sensibilities?

u/punkrockabilly and I were talking yesterday about songs from pre-1970's that still sound relatively modern in terms of the attitudes/sensibilities/believability in the lyrics. I went down the list of things I cover and dug out a few.
I play a lot of 1950's and 1960's country covers, and in another sub were were joking about old honkytonk being a lot of songs about "Divorces and cowboys". I feel like some of those divorce songs don't hit quite as hard anymore . In the50's-60's, divorce was first becoming more common due to the migration of rural people relocating to the cities and the West Coast for work in the 1950's for instance, and gender roles being turned upside down by economics. Don't get me wrong, I love those "I got the blues and now I am an alcoholic because that woman drove me to drink" songs, and I know they were basically dance music with a tear-in-your-beer punch. But I think they sound dated to modern audiences.
A lot of the classic country women's repertoire suffers from the same dated themes and I think this legacy somewhat hampers current women songwriters' range of themes in country music, too.
I feel like the 1970's, and Merle Haggard in particular, revolutionalized country lyrics songwriting and that a lot of what came after him owes a debt to Merle- I see a direct link between what many songwriters did in the 1990's, and Merle's songwriting. Obviously he wrote plenty of old-school honkytonk stuff like The Bottle Let Me Down and Swinging Doors, songs full of old-school whining heartbreak and the blues, but I can't think of too many songs before Merle that were as nuanced as A Place To Fall Apart or Someday When Things Are Good or Mama's Hungry Eyes or even The Runnin Kind or Are The Good Times Really Over.
What are some classic country songs that still sound more relevant to a modern ear or that fit modern styles of songwriting?

(in case it's not clear, I am not knocking on that music. I also play stuff from the 1930's. I follow what I think of as The Folsom Prison Rule, where you can't complain about a singer not having lived an experience they're singing about, if you yourself sing along to Folsom Prison Blues without having personally shot a man in Reno just to watch him die)
submitted by calibuildr to countrymusicians [link] [comments]


2020.10.20 02:30 LawStudentAndrew [WTS] Lots of Mexican, 10 oz JM TONED, Platinum Ring, New MORGANS incl. a CC, Canada, Maria Theresa Thalers, AND Standing and Barber Quarters!

Proof: https://imgur.com/a/6aAAC8S
10oz Bar and Plat. Ring https://imgur.com/a/mfaUTKG
10 oz Purple/Blue Toned Bar - Sealed - $280 OBO
7.12 gram "Plat" Ring - $236
Mexico/Israel/Canada
Mexico
43 x Peso - $2.50 each
4 x 1978 cien pesos - $18 each
3 x 25 pesos 1968 - $14 each [3 pend]
13 x gold plated 25 centavos - $2 each
1960 10 pesos - $24 [pend]
Canada
1963 PL in packaging - $16 each
1950 - banged up - $pot
1967 Goose Dollar - $17
Israeli 1 New Shequel Proofs - .39 troy oz asw -
1st - $14
2 x proof - $13 each
3 x Uncs - $12 each

Quarters

50 x Barber Quarter https://imgur.com/a/zjBnf47
some better dates including 1905 p and 1897 o - a couple w/ better detail - good chunk before 1900 - $300
$6.25 Face Standing Libery Quarters - all w/ dates - $5.50 each (no cherry-picking) - https://imgur.com/bNNxDlu
Maria Theresa Thalers - https://imgur.com/a/tvKn6jU .75 ASW each - Stunning CHONKY Coins
BU - $21 each [3 sold]
Proof - $24 each
New Morgans https://imgur.com/a/Kvjwu1m
1900 Orange Toned BU - $55
1903 P - $26
1878 CC - $70
Morgans https://imgur.com/a/mJuRuUX
1883 s - $30
1887 s - $42
1890 s - $35
Toned:
Tape: $40
Rainbow: $70
Dark: $55
END OF POST
Payment
I accept PPFF, Zelle, and Venmo. I no longer accept Google Pay. I also accept crypto (your fees), cash, and USPS money order. New users without feedback will be limited to smaller purchases of approx $100 unless paying via crypto, cash, or USPS Money order. I also generally accept junk silver, generic rounds, and governmental rounds as payment but it is not guaranteed.
SHIPPING
I will not ship outside the US
Shipping in the US is $5 for 9 or fewer ounces, $6 for 10-13oz, and then $8 for anything above. I provide insurance and/or signature confirmation at your request and cost.
Note: NO NOTES WITH PPFF - if a note is sent I will issue a refund
submitted by LawStudentAndrew to Pmsforsale [link] [comments]


2020.10.20 01:44 IceGoingSouth Late October Arctic

Late October Arctic

We're into the last two weeks of October, and there's no snow here in Greenland's capital Nuuk. For sure, the data from the satellites & models says there's 0% chance of a 2020 Blue Ocean Event, but what does that really mean?

We're gonna look into that, and unpack it.
So, obviously, a zero % chance of a 2020 BOE means a BOE won't occur in 2020, yet at the same time, it doesn't mean other big stuff can't happen in 2020. Like, scary stuff, stuff you wished you'd never even heard about.
For instance, if you ask any meteorologist, he'll say that 2016 was the warmest year on record, globally. He won't say some YEAR was hottest because on one DAY some extreme location like Death Valley set a new heat record. So, for sea ice, while 2016 was the lowest year for extent, and 2017 for volume, this 2020 may very well end up being the lowest ever for sea ice extent. We'll just have to wait till December 31st so we have a full YEAR of data.
Another thing is, you have this record low area of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean, and these crazy waves and high temperatures, with winter storms coming and going, so before you know it the entire thing could go up in flames due to submerged permafrost, that is under these crazy warm, stormy and shallow seas, north of Siberia. This is the stuff that makes Russian scientists break down in tears during press conferences.
So yeah, that could happen.
That could still happen in 2020, ice-free Arctic or not.
Because October–November is the warmest slash waviest time of the year for those shallow bodies of water in the Arctic. A handful of wonderful social media personas will watch and inform you when or if that happens, if you don't notice it all by yourself in a very different and perhaps much scarier way.
So, back to the least scary scenario from the above, the race is now on for 2020 (the challenger) to smash 2016 (current record holder) for lowest sea ice extent on record. In fact, 2020 leads the heat by quite a big margin already, measured as year-to-date average:
Per October 18th, 2020 leads current record holder 2016 by a significant margin. After 292 days, ice is added for each date and divided by 292 (etc).
2016 in its day of course beat 2012 in almost complete silence, as all the Mainstream Media had decided that it failed in September and that the shop closes in September, and some newspapers even 'celebrated' the fact 2016 refroze quickly for the first week or so after its minimum, while ignoring the larger development, which was the record slow regrowth in September–October–November. Covering that fact would of course be less 'positive' or 'optimistic', so let's not waste any 'journalistic' resources on that!
Beating 2016, which itself beat 2012 four years ago, first of all would make it more difficult for the media and polluticians to ignore the fact 2012 now is 3rd lowest, when they'd rather keep cherry-picking the month of September and pretend nothing much happens in the Arctic these days. Don't believe me? Read a newspaper, listen to a pollutician.
Returning to the Shock & Awe horror of the Ice–Free Arctic, the 0% chance of a Blue Ocean Event in 2020 of course doesn't mean it cannot happen in the coming years, or even the very next year. Those who follow the sea ice closely will tell you that May is too early to tell, June is slightly better, but a high or low risk of BOE at the end of summer can't really be assessed before July, and then preferably the latter half of the month.
Anyone telling you otherwise is just bluffing, really.
You can say that the 2020s are more likely than the 2030s to feature the FIRST BOE in our species' history on the Planet. But you can't really tell during spring whether the CURRENT year will see such an event or not. This is because the system is complex, with lots of inherent natural variability. A constantly warming Arctic Ocean will increase the probability every year, but the sea itself is only one out of a multitude of factors in the Arctic.
The True Terror of the Ice–Free Arctic state is really the full-summer ice-free Arctic, like July–October below 1 million km², or even more extreme, June–November below that mark. This opens the Arctic Ocean to insolation, which is just sunshine, entering into the dark sea surface and heating it tremendously, and of course more and more for every year it persists. In fact, it's hard to imagine it not continuing year on year, when it first starts happening. While the very first year of ice-free-for-a-week-or-so will do little except raise a few eyebrows and make it more difficult to campaign for other issues, which seems to be the main human focus, for polluticians and activists alike, the Summer–Half Ice–Free will allegedly be equivalent to adding 1 trillion tons of CO2 into the atmosphere, or set us back 25 years in our struggle to limit emissions to 'safe' levels. In fact, when reading the fine-print of that study, you'll see that a possible change to Arctic cloud formation in such a hotter world, will triple that, so 3 trillion tons of CO2 or 75 years. If you factor in methane as well, because the submerged permafrost cannot thrive in such a hot Arctic Ocean, a conservative estimate will land you at a 100 years lost in that already optimistic struggle, as laid out in this merry YouTube video from the beach here in South Central Nuuk:
One Hundred Years
Although that's merely what might happen going forward. Wanna look at what already HAS happened? I didn't think so. But here goes: The Ice Tipping Point, in the literature often referred to as a cascade of intertwined climate tipping points, or Climate Dominos, to be more visual, causing all of this we see happening every day, isn't something in the future that we must try to avoid, but rather something even your parents were too young to remember. If you want to be kind, you could say 1970, but honestly it's more like 1950. So let's do the math, shall we:
When we get to an Ice–Free Arctic in the Summer Half of the year, the 'friendly' math says we'll be 50 + 25 = 75 years too late for the Ice Tipping Point. The honest math says we're 70 + 100 = 170 years late. Which one do you choose? As if you had a vote.
What's more, assuming we somehow won't get an Ice–Free Arctic in the Summer Half of the year anytime soon, the math still puts us 50 years after the fact, in the 'friendly' scenario, or rather 70 years too late to avoid the major Ice Tipping Point.
Do you ever get the feeling you're being lied to on climate? I know exactly what you mean.
Finally, I know I didn't get this from Derrick Jensen, and I assume he didn't get it from me. For me it was a case of reinforced message because I already thought it myself before reading it again from someone else. I'm too lazy to look up his exact words, so this is from my memory only.

Even a thing like Knowledge (of specific climate facts) is no longer binary. Meaning there's Knowledge, and then there's Knowledge, but then even Knowledge. This translates to 'knowing' a certain tragic fact about our climate in your head, versus knowing it in your heart, versus KNOWING it at a cellular level, making it hard to even get out of bed in the morning. Climate Reality is just full of such things that are no longer binary, and that just get worse and worse every time you reflect upon them. Derrick Jensen (live from my memory).
And still, it is ONLY industrial civilisation that's 100% doomed, life not so much!
(Borrowed from Frozen.Earth.)
submitted by IceGoingSouth to xrmed [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 23:25 LadyCardinal An Alternate 100 Best Fantasy Novels of All Time

After the Time fiasco (if a magazine article can be called a fiasco), I thought it might be fun to try and come up with my own top 100 list--not of my favorites, but of particularly influential books. I haven't actually read a significant portion of these books (though I have read quite a few), and I'm honestly not trying to pass this off as definitive; mostly I just want to throw it out there and see in what ways people agree or, more likely, vehemently disagree. I'll attach the rules I used to create this as a comment. In the meantime, here are the books:

  1. The Epic of Gilgamesh (oldest surviving version c. 1800 BCE)
  2. The Epics by Homer (c. 8th century BCE)
  3. The Theban Plays by Sophocles (429-401 BCE)
  4. The Aeneid by Virgil (29-19 BCE)
  5. Beowulf (c. 700-750 CE)
  6. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri (1320)
  7. Le Morte d’Arthur by Thomas Malory (1485)
  8. Journey to the West by Wu Cheng’en (1592)
  9. A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare (c. 1595-1596)
  10. Paradise Lost by John Milton (1667)
  11. One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian folktales, first published in French in 1717)
  12. Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift (1726)
  13. Grimm’s Fairy Tales by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (1812)
  14. The Rose and the Ring by William Makepeace Thackeray (1854)
  15. Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Caroll (1865)
  16. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court by Mark Twain (1889)
  17. The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde (1890)
  18. Dracula by Bram Stoker (1897)
  19. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum (1900)
  20. Peter Pan by J. M. Barrie (1906)
  21. The Worm Ouroboros by E. R. Eddison (1922)
  22. The King of Elfland’s Daughter by Lord Dunsany (1924)
  23. Lud-in-the-Mist by Hope Mirlees (1926)
  24. Conan the Barbarian by Robert E. Howard (first story published 1932)
  25. Mary Poppins by P. L. Travers (1934-1988)
  26. At the Mountains of Madness by H. P. Lovecraft (1936)
  27. Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser by Fritz Leiber (1939-1988)
  28. Fictions by Jorge Luis Borges (1944)
  29. Gormenghast by Mervyn Peake (1946-1956)
  30. The Chronicles of Narnia by C. S. Lewis (1950-1956)
  31. Dying Earth by Jack Vance (1950-1984)
  32. The Palm-Wine Drinkard by Amos Tutuola (1952)
  33. The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien (1954-1955)
  34. The Condor Trilogy by Jin Yong (1957-1961)
  35. The Once and Future King by T. H. White (1958)
  36. The Haunting of Hill House by Shirley Jackson (1959)
  37. Elric of Melniboné books by Michael Moorcock (1961-1991)
  38. The Phantom Tollbooth by Norton Juster (1961)
  39. The Letter for the King by Tonke Dragt (1962)
  40. The Chronicles of Prydain by Lloyd Alexander (1964-1968)
  41. The Dark Is Rising by Susan Cooper (1965-1977)
  42. The Wandering Unicorn by Manuel Mujica Láinez (1965)
  43. One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez (1967)
  44. Dragonriders of Pern by Anne McCaffrey (1967-2012)
  45. The Last Unicorn by Peter S. Beagle (1968)
  46. The Earthsea Cycle by Ursula K. Le Guin (1968-2001)
  47. Chronicles of Amber by Roger Zelazny (1970-1991)
  48. Merlin Trilogy by Mary Stewart (1970-1979)
  49. Watership Down by Richard Adams (1972)
  50. The Princess Bride by William Goldman (1973)
  51. The Forgotten Beasts of Eld by Patricia McKillip (1974)
  52. The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant by Stephen R. Donaldson (1977-2013)
  53. Tales From the Flat Earth by Tanith Lee (1978-1987)
  54. The Morgaine Stories by C. J. Cherryh (1978-1988)
  55. Kindred by Octavia Butler (1979)
  56. The Neverending Story by Michael Ende (1979)
  57. The Book of the New Sun by Gene Wolfe (1980-1983)
  58. Midnight’s Children by Salman Rushdie (1981)
  59. Imaro by Charles R. Saunders (1981-2017)
  60. The House of the Spirits by Isabel Allende (1982)
  61. The Mists of Avalon by Marion Zimmer Bradley (1983)
  62. The Witches by Roald Dahl (1983)
  63. Tortall universe by Tamora Pierce (1983-present)
  64. Discworld by Terry Pratchett (1983-2015)
  65. The Black Company by Glen Cook (1984-present)
  66. Howl’s Moving Castle by Diana Wynne Jones (1986)
  67. Redwall by Brian Jacques (1986-2011)
  68. Beloved by Toni Morrison (1987)
  69. Swordspoint by Ellen Kushner (1987)
  70. Valdemar books by Mercedes Lackey (1987-present)
  71. The Wheel of Time by Robert Jordan (1990-2013)
  72. Good Omens by Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman (1990)
  73. The Gilda Stories by Jewelle Gomez (1991)
  74. Wars of Light and Shadow by Janny Wurts (1993-present)
  75. The Witcher by Andrzej Sapkowski (1993-2013)
  76. The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle by Haruki Murakami (1994-1995)
  77. Realm of the Elderlings by Robin Hobb (1995-2017)
  78. His Dark Materials by Phillip Pullman (1995-2000)
  79. The Lions of Al-Rassan by Guy Gavriel Kay (1995)
  80. Old Kingdom by Garth Nix (1995-present)
  81. A Song of Ice and Fire by George R. R. Martin (1996-present)
  82. Harry Potter by J. K. Rowling (1997-2007)
  83. Crown of Stars by Kate Elliott (1997-2006)
  84. Brown Girl in the Ring by Nalo Hopkinson (1998)
  85. Malazan Book of the Fallen by Steven Erikson (1999-2011)
  86. House of Leaves by Mark Z. Danielewski (2000)
  87. Bas-Lag books by China Miéville (2000-2004)
  88. The Dresden Files by Jim Butcher (2000-present)
  89. American Gods by Neil Gaiman (2001)
  90. Kushiel’s Legacy by Jacqueline Carey (2001-2008)
  91. The Curse of Chalion by Lois McMaster Bujold (2001)
  92. Cloud Atlas by David Mitchell (2004)
  93. Jonathan Strange and Mr Norrell by Susanna Clarke (2004)
  94. Temeraire by Naomi Novik (2006-2016)
  95. The First Law by Joe Abercrombie (2006-present)
  96. Gentleman Bastard by Scott Lynch (2006)
  97. The Magicians by Lev Grossman (2009-2014)
  98. Who Fears Death by Nnedi Okorafor (2010)
  99. The Stormlight Archive by Brandon Sanderson (2010-present)
  100. Broken Earth by N. K. Jemisin (2015-2017)
(Edited to move Dragonriders of Pern, A Song of Ice and Fire, The Phantom Tollbooth, and Fahfrd and the Gray Mouser to their proper places chronologically, change The Lies of Locke Lamora to Gentleman Bastard, add a date next to The Wandering Unicorn, change Small Gods to Discworld, change The Odyssey to The Epics by Homer, Oedipus Rex to the Theban Plays, and Perdido Street Station to Bas-Lag, update the end date on Temeraire, and to fix a typo that survived all those other edits.)
submitted by LadyCardinal to Fantasy [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 19:43 CanadaBouu Vietnam war

The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War,[56] and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.[10] It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China,[14] and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand, and other anti-communist allies.[57][58] The war, considered a Cold War-era proxy war by some,[59] lasted 19 years, with direct U.S. involvement ending in 1973, and included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, which ended with all three countries becoming communist in 1975.
The conflict emerged from the First Indochina War against the communist-led Viet Minh.[60][A 5] Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U.S.[61] After the French quit Indochina in 1954, the US assumed financial and military support for the South Vietnamese state. The Việt Cộng, also known as Front national de libération du Sud-Viêt Nam or NLF (the National Liberation Front), a South Vietnamese common front under the direction of North Vietnam, initiated a guerrilla war in the south. North Vietnam had also invaded Laos in the mid-1950s in support of insurgents, establishing the Ho Chi Minh Trail to supply and reinforce the Việt Cộng.[62]:16 U.S. involvement escalated under President John F. Kennedy through the MAAG program from just under a thousand military advisors in 1959 to 16,000 in 1963.[63][32]:131 By 1963, the North Vietnamese had sent 40,000 soldiers to fight in South Vietnam.[62]:16 North Vietnam was heavily backed by the USSR and the People's Republic of China. China also sent hundreds of PLA servicemen to North Vietnam to serve in air-defense and support roles.[32]:371–4[64]
By 1964, 23,000 US advisors were stationed in South Vietnam. In the Gulf of Tonkin incident in August, a U.S. destroyer was alleged to have clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft. In response, the U.S. Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and gave President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authority to increase American military presence in Vietnam. Johnson ordered the deployment of combat units for the first time and increased troop levels to 184,000.[63] Past this point, the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) (also known as the North Vietnamese Army or NVA) engaged in more conventional warfare with U.S and South Vietnamese forces. Despite little progress, the United States continued a significant build-up of forces. U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, one of the principal architects of the war, began expressing doubts of victory by the end of 1966.[32]:287 U.S. and South Vietnam forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes. The U.S. also conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam and Laos.
The Tet Offensive of 1968 showed the lack of progress with these doctrines. With the VC and PAVN mounting large-scale urban offensives throughout 1968, U.S domestic support for the war began fading. The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) expanded following a period of neglect after Tet and was modeled after U.S doctrine. The VC sustained heavy losses during the Tet Offensive and subsequent U.S.-ARVN operations in the rest of 1968, losing over 50,000 men.[32]:481 The CIA's Phoenix Program further degraded the VC's membership and capabilities. By the end of the year, the VC insurgents held almost no territory in South Vietnam, and their recruitment dropped by over 80% in 1969, signifying a drastic reduction in guerrilla operations, necessitating increased use of PAVN regular soldiers from the north.[65] In 1969, North Vietnam declared a Provisional Revolutionary Government in South Vietnam in an attempt to give the reduced VC a more international stature, but the southern guerrillas from then on were sidelined as PAVN forces began more conventional combined arms warfare. By 1970, over 70% of communist troops in the south were northerners, and southern-dominated VC units no longer existed.[66] Operations crossed national borders: Laos was invaded by North Vietnam early on, while Cambodia was used by North Vietnam as a supply route starting in 1967; the route through Cambodia began to be bombed by the U.S. in 1969, while the Laos route had been heavily bombed since 1964. The deposing of the monarch Norodom Sihanouk by the Cambodian National Assembly resulted in a PAVN invasion of the country at the request of the Khmer Rouge, escalating the Cambodian Civil War and resulting in a U.S.-ARVN counter-invasion.
In 1969, following the election of U.S President Richard Nixon, a policy of "Vietnamization" began, which saw the conflict fought by an expanded ARVN, with U.S. forces sidelined and increasingly demoralized by domestic opposition and reduced recruitment. U.S. ground forces had largely withdrawn by early 1972 and support was limited to air support, artillery support, advisers, and materiel shipments. The ARVN, buttressed by said U.S. support, stopped the first and largest mechanized PAVN offensive during the Easter Offensive of 1972. The offensive resulted in heavy casualties on both sides and the failure of the PAVN to subdue South Vietnam, but the ARVN itself failed to recapture all territory, leaving its military situation difficult. The Paris Peace Accords of January 1973 saw all U.S forces withdrawn; the Case–Church Amendment, passed by the U.S Congress on 15 August 1973, officially ended direct U.S military involvement.[67]:457 The Peace Accords were broken almost immediately, and fighting continued for two more years. Phnom Penh fell to the Khmer Rouge on 17 April 1975 while the 1975 Spring Offensive saw the capture of Saigon by the PAVN on 30 April; this marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year.
The scale of fighting was enormous. By 1970, the ARVN was the world's fourth largest army, and the PAVN was not far behind with approximately one million regular soldiers.[68][17]:770 The war exacted an enormous human cost: estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed range from 966,000[27] to 3.8 million.[52] Some 275,000–310,000 Cambodians,[53][54][55] 20,000–62,000 Laotians,[52] and 58,220 U.S. service members also died in the conflict, and a further 1,626 remain missing in action.[A 4]
The Sino-Soviet split re-emerged following the lull during the Vietnam War. Conflict between North Vietnam and its Cambodian allies in the Royal Government of the National Union of Kampuchea, and the newly formed Democratic Kampuchea began almost immediately in a series of border raids by the Khmer Rouge, eventually escalating into the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. Chinese forces directly invaded Vietnam in the Sino-Vietnamese War, with subsequent border conflicts lasting until 1991. Insurgencies were fought by the unified Vietnam in all three countries. The end of the war and resumption of the Third Indochina War would precipitate the Vietnamese boat people and the larger Indochina refugee crisis, which saw millions of refugees leave Indochina (mainly southern Vietnam), with an estimated 250,000 of whom perished at sea. Within the U.S, the war gave rise to what was referred to as Vietnam Syndrome, a public aversion to American overseas military involvements,[69] which together with the Watergate scandal contributed to the crisis of confidence that affected America throughout the 1970s.[70]
Further information: Terminology of the Vietnam War
Various names have been applied to the conflict. Vietnam War is the most commonly used name in English. It has also been called the Second Indochina War[56] and the Vietnam Conflict.[citation needed]
Given that there have been several conflicts in Indochina, this particular conflict is known by the names of its primary protagonists to distinguish it from others. In Vietnamese, the war is generally known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ (Resistance War Against America),[71] but less formally as 'Cuộc chiến tranh Mỹ' (The American War). It is also called Chiến tranh Việt Nam (The Vietnam War).[72]
The primary military organizations involved in the war were the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) and the United States armed forces, fighting against the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) (commonly called the North Vietnamese Army, or NVA, in English-language sources) and the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF, more commonly known as the Viet Cong (VC) in English language sources), a South Vietnamese communist guerrilla force.[17]:xli
Daniel Ellsberg contends that U.S. participation in Vietnam had begun in 1945 when it gave support to a French effort to reconquer its colony in Vietnam, a nation which had just declared independence in August 1945.[73]
Indochina was a French colony during the 19th century. When the Japanese invaded during World War II, the Viet Minh opposed them with support from the US, the Soviet Union and China. They received some Japanese arms when Japan surrendered. The Viet Minh, a Communist-led common front under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, then initiated an insurgency against French rule. Hostilities escalated into the First Indochina War (beginning in December 1946). By the 1950s, the conflict had become entwined with the Cold War. In January 1950, China and the Soviet Union recognized the Viet Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam, based in Hanoi, as the legitimate government of Vietnam. The following month the United States and Great Britain recognized the French-backed State of Vietnam in Saigon, led by former Emperor Bảo Đại, as the legitimate Vietnamese government.[74]:377–9[32]:88 The outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950 convinced many Washington policymakers that the war in Indochina was an example of communist expansionism directed by the Soviet Union.[32]:33–5
Military advisors from the People's Republic of China (PRC) began assisting the Viet Minh in July 1950.[62]:14 PRC weapons, expertise, and laborers transformed the Viet Minh from a guerrilla force into a regular army.[32]:26[75] In September 1950, the United States created a Military Assistance and Advisory Group (MAAG) to screen French requests for aid, advise on strategy, and train Vietnamese soldiers.[76]:18 By 1954, the United States had spent $1 billion in support of the French military effort, shouldering 80 percent of the cost of the war.[32]:35
During the Battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954), U.S. carriers sailed to the Gulf of Tonkin and the U.S. conducted reconnaissance flights. France and the United States also discussed the use of three tactical nuclear weapons, although reports of how seriously this was considered and by whom are vague and contradictory.[77][32]:75 According to then-Vice President Richard Nixon, the Joint Chiefs of Staff drew up plans to use small tactical nuclear weapons to support the French.[77] Nixon, a so-called "hawk" on Vietnam, suggested that the United States might have to "put American boys in".[17]:76 President Dwight D. Eisenhower made American participation contingent on British support, but the British were opposed.[17]:76 Eisenhower, wary of involving the United States in a land war in Asia, decided against military intervention.[32]:75–6 Throughout the conflict, U.S. intelligence estimates remained sceptical of France's chance of success.[78]
On 7 May 1954, the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered. The defeat marked the end of French military involvement in Indochina. At the Geneva Conference), the French negotiated a ceasefire agreement with the Viet Minh, and independence was granted to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.[citation needed]
At the 1954 Geneva peace conference, Vietnam was temporarily partitioned at the 17th parallel. Ho Chi Minh had wished to continue the war in the south, but was restrained by his Chinese allies who convinced him that he could win control by electoral means.[79][32]:87–8 Under the terms of the Geneva Accords, civilians were allowed to move freely between the two provisional states for a 300-day period. Elections throughout the country were to be held in 1956 to establish a unified government.[32]:88–90 Around one million northerners, mainly minority Catholics, fled south, fearing persecution by the communists.[32]:96[80] This followed an American psychological warfare campaign, designed by Edward Lansdale for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), which exaggerated anti-Catholic sentiment among the Viet Minh and which falsely claimed the US was about to drop atomic bombs on Hanoi.[81][82][32]:96–7 The exodus was coordinated by a U.S.-funded $93 million relocation program, which included the use of the Seventh Fleet to ferry refugees.[83] The northern, mainly Catholic refugees gave the later Ngô Đình Diệm regime a strong anti-communist constituency.[84]:238 Diệm staffed his government's key posts mostly with northern and central Catholics.
In addition to the Catholics flowing south, up to 174,000 "Revolutionary Regroupees" and their 86,000 dependents went to the north for "regroupment", expecting to return to the south within two years.[67]:98 The Viet Minh left roughly 5,000 to 10,000 cadres) in the south as a base for future insurgency.[32]:104 The last French soldiers left South Vietnam in April 1956.[32]:116 The PRC completed its withdrawal from North Vietnam at around the same time.[62]:14
Between 1953 and 1956, the North Vietnamese government instituted various agrarian reforms, including "rent reduction" and "land reform", which resulted in significant political oppression. During the land reform, testimony from North Vietnamese witnesses suggested a ratio of one execution for every 160 village residents, which extrapolated resulted in an initial estimation of nearly 100,000 executions nationwide. Because the campaign was concentrated mainly in the Red River Delta area, a lower estimate of 50,000 executions became widely accepted by scholars at the time.[85]:143[86][87]:569[88] However, declassified documents from the Vietnamese and Hungarian archives indicate that the number of executions was much lower than reported at the time, although likely greater than 13,500.[89] In 1956, leaders in Hanoi admitted to "excesses" in implementing this program and restored a large amount of the land to the original owners.[32]:99–100
The south, meanwhile, constituted the State of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as Emperor and Ngô Đình Diệm (appointed in July 1954) as his prime minister. Neither the United States government nor Ngô Đình Diệm's State of Vietnam signed anything at the 1954 Geneva Conference. With respect to the question of reunification, the non-communist Vietnamese delegation objected strenuously to any division of Vietnam, but lost out when the French accepted the proposal of Viet Minh delegate Phạm Văn Đồng,[90]:134 who proposed that Vietnam eventually be united by elections under the supervision of "local commissions".[90]:119 The United States countered with what became known as the "American Plan", with the support of South Vietnam and the United Kingdom.[90]:140 It provided for unification elections under the supervision of the United Nations, but was rejected by the Soviet delegation.[90]:140 The United States said, "With respect to the statement made by the representative of the State of Vietnam, the United States reiterates its traditional position that peoples are entitled to determine their own future and that it will not join in any arrangement which would hinder this".[90]:570–1 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote in 1954:
"I have never talked or corresponded with a person knowledgeable in Indochinese affairs who did not agree that had elections been held as of the time of the fighting, possibly eighty percent of the population would have voted for the Communist Ho Chi Minh as their leader rather than Chief of State Bảo Đại. Indeed, the lack of leadership and drive on the part of Bảo Đại was a factor in the feeling prevalent among Vietnamese that they had nothing to fight for."
According to the Pentagon Papers, however, from 1954 to 1956 "Ngô Đình Diệm really did accomplish miracles" in South Vietnam: "It is almost certain that by 1956 the proportion which might have voted for Ho—in a free election against Diệm—would have been much smaller than eighty percent."[92] In 1957, independent observers from India, Poland, and Canada representing the International Control Commission (ICC) stated that fair, unbiased elections were not possible, with the ICC reporting that neither South nor North Vietnam had honored the armistice agreement.[93]
From April to June 1955, Diệm eliminated any political opposition in the south by launching military operations against two religious groups: the Cao Đài and Hòa Hảo of Ba Cụt. The campaign also focused on the Bình Xuyên organized crime group, which was allied with members of the communist party secret police and had some military elements. As broad-based opposition to his harsh tactics mounted, Diệm increasingly sought to blame the communists.[17]:
In a referendum on the future of the State of Vietnam on 23 October 1955, Diệm rigged the poll supervised by his brother Ngô Đình Nhu and was credited with 98.2 percent of the vote, including 133% in Saigon. His American advisors had recommended a more modest winning margin of "60 to 70 percent." Diệm, however, viewed the election as a test of authority.[84]:224 Three days later, he declared South Vietnam to be an independent state under the name Republic of Vietnam (ROV), with himself as president.[32]: Likewise, Ho Chi Minh and other communist officials always won at least 99% of the vote in North Vietnamese "elections".[85]:193–94, 202–03, 215–17
The domino theory, which argued that if one country fell to communism, then all of the surrounding countries would follow, was first proposed as policy by the Eisenhower administration.[74]:19 John F. Kennedy, then a U.S. senator, said in a speech to the American Friends of Vietnam: "Burma, Thailand, India, Japan, the Philippines and obviously Laos and Cambodia are among those whose security would be threatened if the Red Tide of Communism overflowed into Vietnam."[94] The end
Read full : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam_War
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=exVKd-x5QVc
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2020.10.19 17:16 JayTM19862 34 [M4F] Michigan - Looking for amazing woman for 1950's household Taken in Hand long term relationship

Thanks for stopping in and reading my post, I appreciate you.
I'm a driven, thoughtful, educated, compassionate Man looking for a wonderful, positive, thoughtful, athletic lady who shares my desire for traditional gender roles and would start vanilla dating with both of us desiring an endgame of a traditional monogamous 1950s style household.
Professionally, I am in the Human Service field, where I spent my day helping others and giving all I have to make their lives a better place, and I would like to come home to a domestic homemaker type to take care of me and raise our children. I am liberal, college educated, atheist, love traveling, reading, running, etc.
I prefer shortepetite women (athletic as I enjoy running/weight lifting/yoga, ages 25-35 so we may still have children. Feel free to message from around the Detroit area, open to ladies in other states too to see if we have a vibe.
I'm very open to how this works for you. I think that volunteering or part time work to make sure you still felt validated and could contribute in a meaningful way is likely needed, could be more, could be less. We should build this household brick by brick based on what actually works for us, and then it would be my role to lead, guide, and sometimes enforce what we've set up. I take my role as Head of Household very seriously and I would work daily to make sure you knew how valued and amazing you are, from the words I say to the role I have you play when I'm gone.
I feel like for me there is a kink element to this, in terms of the power exchange in this relationship, and I would like to explore that with you as well.
But obviously, all of that starts with a very vanilla date, like a cup of coffee, someday, when that's legal again. Feel free to PM if interested, and thanks for reading, doll....
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2020.10.19 15:28 whatathymeitwas What steps should we take for mold in our apartment?

I moved into this apartment in June of this year. I live in Tennessee. These apartments are pretty old, I think they date to at least the 1950's. A lot in them has been remodeled but a fair amount is original.
I kept thinking my apartment suddenly smelled musty the last week or two, and tonight I noticed there was what seemed to be, or rather what I assumed to be, mildew on the side of a dresser. I assumed it was perhaps from my storage unit I had kept furniture in, but now I think that isn't the case. I cleaned the dresser with vinegar, and noticed there was more along the floorboards going out from it. So, I moved my book cases and cleaned under those too. Then I noticed the same thing was happening coming out from the dresser along the wall under my kitchen table (yes, I know, weird place for a dresser). So I moved the table and cleaned that too.
I realized I was only really seeing this due to having my phones flashlight on, because our light is so dim in here, so I decided to look more around my walls. I moved another bookshelf across the room it's on the floor there too, just not quite as bad. It's the worst around my bathroom door. My kitchen seems fine, as there's tile in there (the rest of the house is what looks like quite old hardwood), and I honestly haven't looked in my bedrooms yet because it's after 10PM and I'm scared if I do I won't sleep at all tonight. It looks (and feels) like it's creeping out of the baseboards inwards.
I've included some pictures here. My husband is going to talk to our landlord tomorrow, to let them know. He's also agreed to send my son to my mother's tomorrow evening and help me do a deep clean, moving all of our furniture out from the wall. We're not sure the landlord will do much, so we're just planning on cleaning it ourselves.
A few questions I have: 1. Is telling the landlord, cleaning it, and keeping an eye out if it comes back likely my best option here? I technically have a lease till next June and I'm not sure what I should do if it's a more pressing problem and comes back, perhaps I would try to break my lease, or inform the health department? I'm very inexperienced with this.
  1. What would the best thing to clean this with be? I assumed I was wiping down some residual mildew so I just used vinegar then Pine Sol. Should I use bleach around all my baseboards and as a wipe down solution instead? It looks like it's crawled up that dresser and my larger wood bookcase so far, but nothing else seems much affected.
  2. What are my best options for handling this? We have access to a dehumidifier, so I'm going to attempt to get that tomorrow. I also have my air conditioners dehumidifier setting running for now. Would turning on heaters help? Perhaps opening up all the windows and getting some air flow? We only have three windows in the apartment, and one has an A/C in it currently.
  3. Should I be very concerned with my health at this point? I have pretty awful allergies and I'm going for allergy testing soon, is this something I should bring up to my doctor if it's only gone on a few weeks (as far as I know)?
If anyone could help with any of that or offer up any other advice, I'd be very grateful. I have pretty debilitating anxiety, especially regarding health and living spaces, so I'm kind of frayed in my nerves currently.
submitted by whatathymeitwas to Mold [link] [comments]


2020.10.19 15:25 whatathymeitwas Does anyone have experience cleaning mold/mildew? What do I use?

At least I think it's mold?
I moved into this apartment in June of this year. I live in Tennessee. These apartments are pretty old, I think they date to at least the 1950's. A lot in them has been remodeled but a fair amount is original.
I kept thinking my apartment suddenly smelled musty the last week or two, and tonight I noticed there was what seemed to be, or rather what I assumed to be, mildew on the side of a dresser. I assumed it was perhaps from my storage unit I had kept furniture in, but now I think that isn't the case. I cleaned the dresser with vinegar, and noticed there was more along the floorboards going out from it. So, I moved my book cases and cleaned under those too. Then I noticed the same thing was happening coming out from the dresser along the wall under my kitchen table (yes, I know, weird place for a dresser). So I moved the table and cleaned that too.
I realized I was only really seeing this due to having my phones flashlight on, because our light is so dim in here, so I decided to look more around my walls. I moved another bookshelf that's across the room, it's on the floor there too, just not quite as bad. It's the worst around my bathroom door. My kitchen seems fine, as there's tile in there (the rest of the house is what looks like quite old hardwood), and I honestly haven't looked in my bedrooms yet because it's after 10PM and I'm scared if I do I won't sleep at all tonight. It looks (and feels) like it's creeping out of the baseboards inwards.
I've included some pictures here. My husband is going to talk to our landlord tomorrow, to let them know. He's also agreed to send my son to my mother's tomorrow evening and help me do a deep clean, moving all of our furniture out from the wall, because we just assume the landlord won't do much about it and even if they did I don't completely trust their maintenance guy.
2What would the best thing to clean this with be? I assumed I was wiping down some residual mildew so I just used vinegar then Pine Sol. Should I use bleach around all my baseboards and as a wipe down solution instead? It looks like it's crawled up that dresser and my larger wood bookcase so far, but nothing else seems much affected.
We have access to a dehumidifier, so I'm going to attempt to get that tomorrow. I also have my air conditioners dehumidifier setting running.
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2020.10.19 15:21 whatathymeitwas Has anyone ever dealt with a mold/mildew issue in their apartment? Not sure what to do.

At least I think it's mold?
I moved into this apartment in June of this year. I live in Tennessee. These apartments are pretty old, I think they date to at least the 1950's. A lot in them has been remodeled but a fair amount is original.
I kept thinking my apartment suddenly smelled musty the last week or two, and tonight I noticed there was what seemed to be, or rather what I assumed to be, mildew on the side of a dresser. I assumed it was perhaps from my storage unit I had kept furniture in, but now I think that isn't the case. I cleaned the dresser with vinegar, and noticed there was more along the floorboards going out from it. So, I moved my book cases and cleaned under those too. Then I noticed the same thing was happening coming out from the dresser along the wall under my kitchen table (yes, I know, weird place for a dresser). So I moved the table and cleaned that too.
I realized I was only really seeing this due to having my phones flashlight on, because our light is so dim in here, so I decided to look more around my walls. I moved another bookshelf across the room it's on the floor there too, just not quite as bad. It's the worst around my bathroom door. My kitchen seems fine, as there's tile in there (the rest of the house is what looks like quite old hardwood), and I honestly haven't looked in my bedrooms yet because it's after 10PM and I'm scared if I do I won't sleep at all tonight. It looks (and feels) like it's creeping out of the baseboards inwards.
I've included some pictures here. My husband is going to talk to our landlord tomorrow, to let them know. He's also agreed to send my son to my mother's tomorrow evening and help me do a deep clean, moving all of our furniture out from the wall, because we just assume the landlord won't do much about it.
Is telling the landlord, cleaning it, and keeping an eye out if it comes back likely my best option here? I technically have a lease till next June and I'm not sure what I should do if it's a more pressing problem and comes back, perhaps I would try to break my lease, or inform the health department? I'm very inexperienced with this.
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2020.10.19 15:00 whatathymeitwas What would be the proper way to deal with mold/mildew?

I apologize ahead of time if this is a bit long, I'm kind of panicking right now.
I moved into this apartment in June of this year. I live in Tennessee. These apartments are pretty old, I think they date to at least the 1950's. A lot in them has been remodeled but a fair amount is original.
I kept thinking my apartment suddenly smelled musty the last week or two, and tonight I noticed there was what seemed to be, or rather what I assumed to be, mildew on the side of a dresser. I assumed it was perhaps from my storage unit I had kept furniture in, but now I think that isn't the case. I cleaned the dresser with vinegar, and noticed there was more along the floorboards going out from it. So, I moved my book cases and cleaned under those too. Then I noticed the same thing was happening coming out from the dresser along the wall under my kitchen table (yes, I know, weird place for a dresser). So I moved the table and cleaned that too.
I realized I was only really seeing this due to having my phones flashlight on, because our light is so dim in here, so I decided to look more around my walls. I moved another bookshelf across the room it's on the floor there too, just not quite as bad. It's the worst around my bathroom door. My kitchen seems fine, as there's tile in there (the rest of the house is what looks like quite old hardwood), and I honestly haven't looked in my bedrooms yet because it's after 10PM and I'm scared if I do I won't sleep at all tonight. It looks (and feels) like it's creeping out of the baseboards inwards.
I've included some pictures here. My husband is going to talk to our landlord tomorrow, to let them know. He's also agreed to send my son to my mother's tomorrow evening and help me do a deep clean, moving all of our furniture out.
A few questions I have: 1. Is telling the landlord, cleaning it, and keeping an eye out if it comes back likely my best option here? I technically have a lease till next June and I'm not sure what I should do if it's a more pressing problem and comes back, perhaps I would try to break my lease, or inform the health department? I'm very inexperienced with this.
  1. What would the best thing to clean this with be? I assumed I was wiping down some residual mildew so I just used vinegar then Pine Sol. Should I use bleach around all my baseboards and as a wipe down solution instead? It looks like it's crawled up that dresser and my larger wood bookcase so far, but nothing else seems much affected.
  2. What are my best options for handling this? We have access to a dehumidifier, so I'm going to attempt to get that tomorrow. I also have my air conditioners dehumidifier setting running for now. Would turning on heaters help? Perhaps opening up all the windows and getting some air flow? We only have three windows in the apartment, and one has an A/C in it currently.
  3. Should I be very concerned with my health at this point? I have pretty awful allergies and I'm going for allergy testing soon, is this something I should bring up to my doctor if it's only gone on a few weeks (as far as I know)?
If anyone could help with any of that or offer up any other advice, I'd be very grateful. I have pretty debilitating anxiety, especially regarding health and living spaces, so I'm kind of frayed in my nerves currently.
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2020.10.19 10:12 Giora_Thorntree New Cultural Properties in Japan

Some good non-pandemic news here in Japan: the country's culture ministry is back working as usual, and has designated new buildings as National Treasures and Important Cultural Properties (ICP's) for the first time this year.
Background
Japan has a complicated system in place to protect buildings of historic and architectural value, but the two most important designations giving protection are issued by the national government. There are roughly 2500 designated ICP's (a single designation can consist of multiple buildings at the same site, so the total number of actual buildings protected is about double that), of which 228 are National Treasures - considered the most important buildings, culturally speaking in the country.
There's a special committee that decides on new designations, and they usually meet twice a year, in spring and in autumn. In recent years, they've been designating roughly 1 new National Treasure building each year, and a dozen or more new ICP's. This spring, because of Corona, the committee didn't meet. But they had a meeting recently, and they've now announced the first (and presumably only) new designations of the year. There is one new National Treasure, and 16 new ICP's.
This year's designations are a bit unusual. They're very heavy on infrastructure, with lots of lighthouses and bridges, in particular. Most of the buildings are modern as well, from the 20th century, and several are post-WWII. They may well have doubled the number of post-WWII ICP's in the country with this new designation. Anyway, here's what they are:
National Treasure
The country's newest National Treasure, number 228 for buildings, is the main Honden of Yasaka Jinja in Kyoto, better known as the Gion Shrine. The shrine dates back to the Heian period, and is probably best known for being the center of the Gion festival. It's also in the heart of the Gion neighborhood, and so popular with all kinds of different tourists. The Honden is fairly recent, dating only to the mid-17th century. It was built by one of the Shogun, and is apparantly modelled on older, Heian versions of the building.
In addition, 26 other buildings around the shrine have been newly dedicated ICP's.
Important Cultural Properties
There are 16 completely new ones. They include:
LIGHTHOUSES - Four lighthouses are on the list, all built by Brunton in the early Meiji era (Brunton was a British lighthouse engineer who spent several years in Japan in the early Meiji period, traveling all over the country and building a few dozen lighthouses in strategic spots. Many of his lighthouses still stand. He's considered the father of modern lighthouses in the country.) Two are either side of the Kanmon Strait between Kyushu and Honshu; one is nearby, further up the coast on an island in Shimonoseki City; and one is at the easternmost point in Kanto, in Choshi, Chiba. This latter lighthouse is the only one I've been to, as I visited it this summer.
ROAD BRIDGES - Two road bridges have been dedicated. A concrete arch bridge over the Tenryu River in Nagano Prefecture, and a steel arch bridge linking an island with the mainland in the vicinity of Sasebo, Nagasaki. The former dates from the 30's, while the other is decidedly recent, dating from the 1950's. As it happens, I've driven over both of them before.
RAIL BRIDGES - Two rail bridges on the defunct Takachiho Railway in Miyazaki are designated as a single ICP. They're a mix of concrete and steel, and date from the 1930's.
SAPPORO COURT OF APPEAL - From the 1920's, a grand, Western-style stone building has been designated. Built as a courthouse, it today houses a museum.
MEIJI JINGU - Numerous buildings at the heart of one of Tokyo's best known shrines have been designated. The shrine's buildings burnt down in WWII, and were rebuilt after the war. I believe it's the first time a post-WWII era shrine has been designated in this way.
KANAGAWA MODERN ART MUSEUM - On the grounds of the well known Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gu in Kamakura. Originally built as a modern art museum, it's used for a different museum today. It's a modernist building, designed by Junzo Sakakura, a Japanese architect who trained with Le Corbusier.
SHIRAMINE HOUSE - Shiramine is a traditional mountain village on the slopes of Mt. Hakusan, which flourished as a base for silk production. It already has one ICP house, but now has another. It's a very grand, 3-storey house, necessary for dealing not only with raising silk worms, but also with the copious amount of snow that falls in the region.
NARAI HOUSE - Narai is arguably Japan's finest and most interesting post town. It already had one ICP house, but now it has another.
HASSHOKAN - This is a rather unusual designation. It's a very grand modern Japanese villa, built in very traditional style. Dating from the mid-Meiji period, it was originally the residence of a local logging magnate, but was converted into a restaurant in the late Meiji period, and has been operating as one ever since. One of the restaurant's rooms was built especially for Hirohito, who visited in the 1950's.
MOMIJIDANI WORKS - Another rather unique listing. Miyajima is best known for its temples and shrines, but this designation on the island is a series of river works designed to prevent erosion and rock slides down the river. It dates from after WWII, and is the first example of such a post WWII system designated. What makes it unusual is that the location - Momijidani - is a very popular tourist spot for visitors to Miyajima. So in addition to establishing weirs and embankments to tame the river, the designers also had to make it look nice. It uses lots of large rocks (rather than concrete), and is designed like a traditional Japanese rock garden.
TOKUSHIMA HOUSE - Tokushima has few ICP's, but now it has another one. It's a very grand residence, with many buildings, put up by a family who specialized in the indigo trade. It's right next to the main branch of the Yoshinokawa River, in the delta.
ITO RESIDENCE - Mr. Ito made his fortune in the coal mines of the Chikuho region of Fukuoka, which for many decades was a major coal producing area. He built a very large and grand modern Japanese style house, which is now open to the public.
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2020.10.19 00:47 Dwoodward85 Casper the Friendly PUBLIC DOMAIN Ghost?


This is a picture of Casper won't show up in post
In October 1986 Harvey Publications Inc. sued Columbia Pictures for copyright, trademark infringement and unfair competition claiming that the Ghostbusters logo depicting a cartoon ghost behind the prohibition sign infringed on their cartoon ghosts aka The Ghostly Trio most notably Fatso. The case was eventually dismissed on the basis that the judge believed it did NOT infringe on the copyright and trademark of Fatso or any of the ghostly trio but that’s not the important or interesting part:
During the course of the case Steven Harvey (not the famous Steve Harvey American comedian and funny bloke) but Steven the president of Harvey inc. conceded, yes conceded that none of the copyrights in the Casper comics from the early 1950s had been renewed and that (and get this) the action NOT to renew the copyrights and allow them to lapse was both willful and DELIBERATE of Harvey inc. 😮 now if you know anything about copyright the first appearance of a character if they do not have or their copyright isn’t renewed means that character falls into the Public Domain.
The following is from the legal case write up...
"Casper" first appeared in a film, copyrighted by Paramount Pictures ("Paramount"), on November 16, 1945. The records of the Copyright Office of the United States ("Copyright Office") indicate that the copyright in this motion picture expired upon a failure of renewal. (Affidavit of Stephen F. Huff, Esq., July 2, 1985, Exhibit M) ("Huff Aff."). The first issue of a "Casper" comic book for which a copyright was obtained was Volume I, Issue No. 2, dated February 1950, copyrighted by Paramount. (Huff Aff., Exhibit M). This earliest "Casper" comic book contains collateral ghosts who appear with "Casper" and who, unlike "Casper," have knotted foreheads. (Huff Aff., Exhibit B). As with[645 F.Supp. 1567] the film referred to above, the copyright in this comic book also lapsed upon failure of renewal.
A number of incidental ghosts appeared in the "Casper" stories throughout the early years of publication. "Casper" comic books from 1952, 1953 and 1954, which no longer have valid copyrights, depict incidental ghosts with top-knotted artwork.
Here is the part about Steven Harvey conceding that copyright had lapsed...
At his deposition, Steven Harvey, plaintiff's president, conceded that none of the copyrights in the "Casper" comics from the early 1950's had been renewed. (Transcript of Plaintiff's Deposition, May 1, 1985 (pp. 1-145), continued on May 22, 1985 (pp. 146-241), at 200-01) ("P. Dep."). Moreover, Mr. Harvey conceded that failure to renew the copyrights was based on a willful and deliberate decision of Harvey.
I'm going to link the longer version and honestly for those interested please give it a read. I had to read it twice...okay you got me, three times to be double sure of what I'm reading. Now I'm not saying I'm right and that the character is for sure PD I'm just going by the admissions of the case. The link I'm providing here (https://www.leagle.com/decision/19862209645fsupp156411974) even has footnotes that lead to other things that are connected to the case.
So I personally believe in my untrained non lawyer way that Casper the character in his original form is Public Domain. It is still Trademarked and will be protected deeply and strongly but it does seem that conceding that the copyright on his original appearances are public domain makes the character PD (but still trademark protected).
Please remember I'm not a lawyer just opining about the possibility of Public Domain.
submitted by Dwoodward85 to publicdomain [link] [comments]


2020.10.18 20:17 MasonTaylor22 Which publication of Bradbury's The Martial Chronicles do you prefer?

Which publication of Bradbury's The Martian Chronicles do you prefer?
Old, or new, and why?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Martian_Chronicles
A 1997 edition of the book advances all the dates by 31 years (thus running from 2030 to 2057). (This change counteracts a problem common to near-future stories, where the passage of time overtakes the period in which the story is set; for a list of other works that have fallen prey to this phenomenon, see the List of stories set in a future now past.) This edition includes "The Fire Balloons", and replaces "Way in the Middle of the Air" (a story less topical in 1997 than in 1950) with the 1952 short story "The Wilderness", dated May 2034 (equivalent to May 2003 in the earlier chronology).
submitted by MasonTaylor22 to suggestmeabook [link] [comments]